SYNOPSIS OF THE FOUR GOSPELS KURT ALAND PDF

Introduction Synopsis of the Four Gospels A synopsis is a tool which displays different passages of a text side by side for comparison. This is most commonly done with the four Gospels of the New Testament because of their similar material, but it could reasonably be done with any text that has similar passages, such as the Old Testament historical narratives. The synopsis you presently hold contains the four Gospels of the New Testament. It is different from comparing parallel versions, such as one English translation to another, because all of the passages displayed in this synopsis are from the same version, the NET Bible. It is different from a harmony because the passages are not reorganized into one story; each Gospel in a synopsis is separate from the others and can be read by itself or in comparison with the others.

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It presents the four canonical gospels in parallel format, following the text from the beginning, and going more or less in chronological order there are places where the combination of texts is ambiguous at best. This text is an English-only version - there is an edition that couples the English version with the Greek. One of the most useful features of this text, as opposed to other synopses, is that it includes all four gospels, rather than just the three synoptic gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

The gospel of John has a different eye on the gospel topic altogether - including it in a text such as this shows where parallels can be drawn, and highlights the unique quality of John, as well as the unique attributes of the synoptics. Throughout the text, just as in any good study bible, Aland marks the references and possible attributions to Hebrew scripture texts. There are indexes to the gospels and the complete New Testament at the end. For example, we are using this text at my retirement centre as part of the Advent Bible Study, looking at the Christmas stories in the gospels.

One can see immediately the variations in the text are significant. Mark has no Christmas story at all - the first appearance of Jesus is as a full-grown man, from Galilee not Bethlehem , being baptised by John.

Matthew begins with a genealogy of Jesus via Joseph going back to Abraham, paralleled a few chapters later in Luke, who has a genealogy going back to Adam with different names scattered throughout. Matthew lacks the travel from Galilee to Bethlehem - the family is already there; Matthew also lacks the manger scene and the shepherds. The variations can go on and on; rather like taking down the stories of different people who witness the same event, or recording the impressions of people who read the same book, the records might be different but each valid and possessing integrity in its own right.

This is a very practical and handy text to have, examining the four gospels in a way that encourages further study and reflection. This book lines up the various pericopes from each gospel in parallel columns, so that their rendition in each can be compared. This allows readers better to discern small, subtle differences among them, and to determine more easily, for instance, who used what source, redaction, theology, and so forth For instance, you will notice that the Gospel names at the head of each column is occasionally bolded.

Sometimes all of them are. Had my seminar prof. That said, the text is well referenced. Dubious text--or text that is widely accepted as having been added by later copyists--is footnoted For anyone embarking on a serious of analysis of the synoptic gospels and John , this book is a great tool. However, the reviews for the two books are exactly the same. Hope this helps you in your buying and saves you the 15 minutes I lost scratching my head.

One of the most essential study aids to the serious study of the Gospels By Robert Moore on Jun 11, This volume represents the best effort by NT scholar Kurt Aland to arrange in chronological order the events recorded in the Gospels. Though this would in the hands of any scholar involve some degree of interpretation, the order here is largely based on that of the Gospel of Mark, which is generally thought to have provided much of the chronology for the writers of Matthew and Luke.

If one wants to gain the best possible understanding of the gospels as a whole and of the uniqueness of each individual gospel, a tool such as this is invaluable. Sometimes the differences are minor, sometimes more substantial. Reading through the gospels in this edition will also highlight how different Luke, with its emphasis on the poor and constant critique of the wealthy, is from Matthew and Mark, or John from the other three.

The translation used is the Revised Standard Version, which is widely acknowledged to be one of the most accurate. Many fundamentalists dislike it because of the way it translates some portions of the Old Testament that in the KJV had been translated in a way to prefigure the New Testament, but even fundamentalists have not questioned the accuracy of the NT translation.

Footnotes allude to some variants among the Greek manuscripts, while end material includes a helpful outline of the contents of the four gospels and an index of gospel passages. A word about the English only versus the Greek-English. If you are a very serious student of the NT with facility in Greek, you should get the twin language version. My own Greek is very rusty and I found the very large Greek-English edition to be unwieldy and hard to use.

Even if you own the Greek-English edition, I would recommend the English only edition. It is comparatively inexpensive and I find it far easier to use in every way. But like I said, my Greek at this point of my life is pretty weak. I retain enough to follow a discussion of Greek terms in commentaries, but not enough to read on my own.

After a couple of good translations of the Bible, a good Bible dictionary, and a Bible atlas, this is the New Testament tool that I most frequently use and most highly recommend. By Jerome C Keehn on Oct 25, This book has been around for over 25 years, yet it is considered one of the best synoptics.

This book is perfect for the bible student, who wants to gain a grasp on the Greek language in terms of the Gospels. On one side of the page is all four gospels in the Greek, while the other side has the English equivalent. This will help the student compare and contrast the Gospels.

A bargain. By Matthew W. Dunn on Apr 28, A synopsis is a book which puts the the Synoptic Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke in columns, so that one can see more readily the agreements, disagreements, omissions, changes, etc. Really good synopses try to integrate the Gospel of John as well.

This is a really good synopsis. Not everyone would need this book--only those who would be interested in studying the Sacred Scriptures more deeply in a technical manner. This is a nice volume at a good price. A resource of great value I just went through this book for a seminary class on the Gospels, and it is truly an amazing resource. Aland aligns the four gospels in parallel with each other, so that every time the reader encounters a particular story from one Gospel account, the analogous portion of the same story from any of the other Gospels appears alongside it in another column.

And if a story is unique to one Gospel, then the other three columns are blank. My study of this book has shed amazing light on the life of Jesus, as I have previously only read about Him from one Gospel or another. But reading these stories in parallel with each other provides a fullness to our understanding that is simply impossible when read in isolation.

My only critique is that some of the formatting seemed unnecessarily cumbersome. The footnotes are so prominent as to be almost overwhelming, and some of the spacing was strangely irregular. Of course, when used for its presumed purpose as a reference book, those logistical issues become less problematic. Ultimately, this is not written to provide devotional readings, and I would not recommend anyone to simply sit down and plow through this entire book.

However, for anyone with the task of preaching and teaching from the Gospels or for anyone who simply wants to understand the life of Jesus more fully, I cannot imagine a book that would provide a better way to compare the four Gospels than this. Marold on May 17, There are three very good books which compare the texts of the Gospels.

If you do not know German, you may not want the Greek edition. However, if you are intent on comparing the Greek across the Gospels, you may wish to go for it anyway. It may be a very nice way to exercise your Greek. All the verse numbers are, of course, language independent, and the Gospel names are virtually the same in German and English. The Throckmorton is based on particular English translations. Some of these may not be useful to most people, but the comparison with the KJV will recoup some famous phrases which may have been lost in modern translations, such as "generation of vipers", replaced by "brood of vipers" in 20th century translations.

Before going any further, I suggest that unlike the Concordance, modern Bible software such as Bibleworks has not replaced this style of book. To my knowledge there is no way to automatically line up corresponding parts of two or more Gospels.

So, this is still worth having, especially for doing exegesis on the Synoptics. One obvious difference between the two is that Aland includes all four Gospels. Until you get to the Passion scenes, there is precious little parallel between John and the other three, but where there is, it has interest.

And, a comparison of how they treat the passion and resurrection is especially interesting. This allows you to locate the names of episodes and find them quickly, by page. Aland includes a very similar index, at the rear of the book.

Aland also has an index to all Gospel passages, in Chapter and verse order. Thus, you have two different ways of locating a specific pericope. In Throckmorton, there is only a list of Pericope titles, no list of verses. Here, we also see a virtue of the Aland who repeats whole texts in smaller type when the pericope is outside their main line of narrative.

All four appear in Pericope 25, in the main line for John. Throckmorton has a similar feature, but only for the Synoptics. This brings up a point which may be important if you have trouble with fine print.

Throckmorton has an index of non-canonical parallels entirely absent from Aland. This may be of little use to anyone but scholars or maybe pastors who want to mix things up a bit.

For the sake of completeness, I really prefer the Aland, but you may have other requirements, such as cost or readability. Hall on Feb 17, I read the reviews and descriptions very carefully trying to figure out if this was the Greek and English version. It was not. That is not to down play this English version however it is really impressive, just not what I thought I was buying.

Contact your seller before purchasing to confirm, this seems like a common occurrence in a reading other reviews. Used Amazon to replace damaged textbook By Lola Ann Mcgourty on Dec 01, I had received a damaged copy creases throughout the book of this text, required for an online course I am in, from the University of Dallas.

I donated the slightly damaged, but usable, text and ordered a replacement through Amazon rather than try to return it. This book is a must in serious biblical study and is very easy to use. If you need to find out if a Gospel event is recorded in Mark, Matthew, Luke or John--one or all four, this is the book.

Only Luke and Matthew have infancy narratives of Jesus, but their versions are quite different. It is well indexed. I could not study the four gospels without it. This book is much more user friendly, easy to navigate, and uses much more legible font than many of the other books of its kind I have come across in seminary libraries. I have used this resource quite often in my studies of the NT and it has helped me to write multiple publications.

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