Indian Classical Arts About The Art Form Bharatanatyam is one of the most popular and widely practiced classical dance styles of India, with origins in the Hindu temples of Tamil Nadu, and sculptural evidence dating back nearly years. It was originally called Sadir, or Dasiyattam, and was traditionally performed by the Devadasi community. Over time, Bharatanatyam moved from temples to the courts of kings, and then to theaters, but has retained its characteristic devotional component, expression of human emotions, and stylized storytelling. Its versatile vocabulary adapts as well to concepts of contemporary relevance as it does to traditional themes. Bharatanatyam is comprised of two main aspects — Nritta, or technical dance, with a sophisticated base vocabulary used to build intricate combinations and rhythmic patterns that does not convey any specific meaning; and Abhinaya, or expressive dance, using facial expressions, highly stylized gestures, postures and body language to convey complex emotions. Silambam students receive firm grounding in Bharatanatyam theory and cultural history, as well as rigorous fundamental training and technique refinement.
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The term translates as "punching sequence", from kuttu meaning punch and varisai meaning order. Although kuthu mean to punch, when used in conversational language kuthu also mean to fight. Varisai mean order or list, however in this context it will mean techniques, so kuttu varisai will also mean fighting techniques. Techniques incorporate striking, grappling, throws and locks.
Partnered routines are between pairs at first before progressing to several partners at once. Preset forms gradually increase in complexity before students are allowed more and more freedom in their moves and counters. This is meant to teach alertness and how to quickly react to any situation in a fight. Advanced students are taught varma ati or the art of attacking pressure points, which can be applied to both armed and unarmed fighting. Over the last years the Chinese who could not pronounce the word kuthu properly have mispronounced the word Kuthu as Kungfu.
Initially Bodhi Dharma had taught only the monks Kuthu Varisai for the sole purpose of self defence. However the monks had taught Kuthu varisai to their friends and relatives, who in turn taught their friends and their relatives. Bodhi Dharma was very worried that it could be misused to attack other villages and when this happened, he was very upset and became a recluse.
During British rule, the British who were terrified of Kuthu Varisai, banned it. Only a small group of people traditionally belonging to the porkollar goldsmith community practiced it among their friends and relatives for the sole purpose of protecting their gold ornaments. This is one of the reasons that it is never taught for fear it can be misused. Most of these people who traditionally belonged to the porkollar community for several centuries are today highly educated as Doctors and Software professionals and have given up practice of this ancient martial art.
Bharath which was a very powerful form of stick fighting is almost dead. Unlike other martial arts like Karate or Judo or Kungfu or Tae kwon do or boxing where anyone can go and join a class, in Kuthu Varisai, they will not teach you, unless you win the Trust of the master. Exercises in kai silambam include the following. Thattu padom: Sequences that can be practiced alone or with partners. Adi-varisai: Solo routines Kuttu-varisai: The main component, progressing from preset partnered forms to free-sparring Pede-varisai: Locking, tearing and breaking techniques, targeted at the joints, muscle and nerves Nelaygal: Holding a stance for long periods, even several hours at a time.
This exercise is commonly compared to an idol or statue Beginner Trainer Beginner trainer should learn and master the pattern of the foot movement before learning the technique of playing, patterns and method change their rotation without stopping the movement of the stick.
Foot movement are keys elements to silambam and kutta varisai empty hand version. There are sixteen movement need to learn to master the movement of foot to keep pace with the movement of the stick.
The main goal of the training is to defend the user against several armed opposition. Health and Medical Benefits Silambam practitioner or regular training and Kai Silambam will get health benefits such as improving muscle flexibility, coordination arm with eyes, coordination foot and eyes, stabilize body posture, improve muscle endurance, increasing the speed of the body, relieving muscle and joint pain and resilience of hearth and lung.
The term translates as "punching sequence", from kuttu meaning punch and varisai meaning order. Although kuthu mean to punch, when used in conversational language kuthu also mean to fight. Varisai mean order or list, however in this context it will mean techniques, so kuttu varisai will also mean fighting techniques. Techniques incorporate striking, grappling, throws and locks. Partnered routines are between pairs at first before progressing to several partners at once. Preset forms gradually increase in complexity before students are allowed more and more freedom in their moves and counters.
Silambam: A moving meditation
The turban cloth saved the hit directed to the head! Several artifacts found in the form of drawing on the stones or caves wall, carving and figures in the ancient coins, pot and stones depicted human carrying Silambam stick, Spear Vel-Kambu and trident shapes. Later references to Silappadikkaram during the Tamil Sangam literature, show that silambam has been practiced as far back to B. E, as the 2nd century B.
Training Body and Mind
I hold out a hand. He sniffs it, and then, thankfully enough, deciding I pass muster, wags his tail and allows me to pat his head. Other weapons lie in a large heap in one corner: more staffs this is the primary weapon of the martial art ; a large sword or vaal veechu; an unusual looking weapon composed of the horn of a black buck called madavu; an intimidating looking metal whip called surul vaal; and a pair of innocuous-looking slender bamboo sticks. There are two schools of kalari: vadakkan kalari, practised in the northern part of Kerala, and thekkan kalari seen in the south. There is also a theory that the famous Shaolin style of martial arts may have been derived from Indian stick-fighting.