KOOLHAAS WHATEVER HAPPENED TO URBANISM PDF

Yet these circumstances offer architects and urban planners an opportunity for courageous creativity. Image: courtesy Robert Cameron, Cristina E. Ramalho and Julian Bolleter Endorsing density and crying crocodile tears over sprawl is routine in Australian planning. It models the impact of an additional 2. To put these scenarios into the vernacular, you could call them the Nimby, the Yuppie and the TOD transit-oriented development.

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Yet these circumstances offer architects and urban planners an opportunity for courageous creativity. Image: courtesy Robert Cameron, Cristina E. Ramalho and Julian Bolleter Endorsing density and crying crocodile tears over sprawl is routine in Australian planning. It models the impact of an additional 2. To put these scenarios into the vernacular, you could call them the Nimby, the Yuppie and the TOD transit-oriented development. Taken as a whole, the policy settings for Australian cities average out to around 60 percent infill and 40 percent greenfield.

But when you run the population numbers through these infill targets and focus on the designated TODs for each Australian city, you quickly see that the amount of development required to absorb the incoming population is truly extreme and highly unlikely over the longer term. What differentiates the IA report is the small print. They try to tell us that in reality the future will be pretty much a rustier and more congested version of the present.

The second is a lack of money. Both of which translate into political diffidence. While utopian thinking has led to some disasters, most city planning in Australia is merely about avoiding a dystopia. Moreover, population growth and rapid urbanization is not so much a creative opportunity as a problem to be solved.

The IA report tells us that Australian cities are at a breaking point. They have already sprawled too far and density, while good for baristas, is not so good for overloaded infrastructure. Out of this crisis should emerge new ideas. Yet at the moment, the only visions are suburbia to the horizon or a small apartment near a train station, with suburbs disembowelled by backyard infill in between.

View gallery After GOD — the space has been upgraded, hybridizing the green amenity of the suburb with the benefits of denser urban living. Ramalho and Julian Bolleter Banal as they are, these three scenarios are not without hope. Australian architects and landscape architects have shown how to make TOD living desirable.

Offering an apartment with a tricked-up, eco-friendly public space is cool — at least until the average 2. Just 4. Apart from some conceptual work done by architects like Shane Murray Monash University and Anthony Duckworth-Smith University of Western Australia , the middle-ring suburbs are more of a design-intelligence desert. The challenge in these zones is to increase density along transit corridors in a way that is humane, and then to increase density throughout existing suburban fabric without forsaking the permeability of the ground and with it the potential of maintaining and enhancing the urban forest.

Julian Bolleter of the Australian Urban Design Research Centre argues that government should buy out and rebuild at higher density the suburban flanks of public parks that are within a five-minute cycle or a fifteen- minute walk of train stations.

As a principle, this approach can be ramped up to a maxim — high-density living should be within walking distance of landscape amenity, wherever it be in Australian cities. In this way, GOD seeks to hybridize the leafy green amenity of the suburbs with the benefits of comparatively dense urban living. Lambasting urban sprawl in the outer rings is useless.

Architects and landscape architects need to rediscover suburbia not just aesthetically as the late Peter Corrigan and others have done but also structurally. Designers can help invent and envision what might be meant by high-performance socio-ecological suburbia of the twenty- first century. If our cities are at breaking point, why are we limiting the script to adding more people to existing centres? Why not instead a concerted effort to make an eighth great Australian city?

Why not max out Canberra, or seriously begin to catalyse a string of regional cities along high-speed rail to form a south-east megaregion anchored by Sydney at one end and Melbourne at the other? Would this not take the pressure off our existing cities and maintain their prized livability rankings? In Australia, decentralization has a chequered history at best.

But if it avoids nimbyism, lowers housing prices and spreads out into a capacious variety of forms with decentralized food, energy and water systems, then surely it has a lot to recommend it. Taking this further, can we not as a nation do what the United States once did and articulate a bold global vision of taking in millions of refugees over the course of the twenty-first century to populate south-eastern and south-western megaregions that make us proud?

And can this not now be done without causing environmental devastation? Despite their problems, Australian cities remain very high in global livability rankings.

These rankings are certainly not the whole story and urban morphology is only one factor among many that make up the scores. But it is noteworthy that, generally speaking, cities with smaller populations tend to rank more highly.

Yes, the ascendance of Osaka and Tokyo to the top ten in contradicts this, but the degree to which Japanese cities hold lessons for ours is moot. The rankings infer that as Australian cities approach megacity status — by definition, cities of ten million or more — it is likely their rankings will drop.

Maybe our cities need a bit more low-scoring chaos! New York City, arguably the most stimulating city on earth, is ranked fifty-seventh while Adelaide is tenth.

Megacities are good to visit but they grind the bulk of their population down. What beckons for Australia as the population reaches just over forty-nine million by and seventy million by , according to Australian Bureau of Statistics projections, is the possibility of relatively equitable, well-serviced and exciting large cities.

These cities will be networked through productive megaregions of smaller cities offering a range of housing options for the full lifecycle of its citizens. But for this possibility to be realized, we need design, not just planning.

Footnotes 1.

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What Ever Happened to Urbanism?——Rem Koolhaas

What Ever Happened to Urbanism? By Rem Koolhaas This century has been a losing battle with the issue of quantity. In spite of its early promise, its frequent bravery, urbanism has been unable to invent and implement at the scale demanded by its apocalyptic demographics. In 20 years, Lagos has grown from 2 to 7 to 12 to 15 million; Istanbul has doubled from 6 to

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Source: Whatever Happened to Urbanism? – Koolhaas

In spite of its early promise, its frequent bravery, urbanism has been unable to invent and implement at the scale demanded by its apocalyptic demographics. In 20 years, Lagos has grown from 2 to 7 to 12 to 15 million; Istanbul has doubled from 6 to China prepares for even more staggering multiplications. How to explain the paradox that urbanism, as a profession, has disappeared at the moment when urbanization everywhere - after decades of constant acceleration - is on its way to establishing a definitive, global "triumph" of the urban condition? Its ideas, aesthetics, strategies are finished. Together, all attempts to make a new beginning have only discredited the idea of a new beginning. A collective shame in the wake of this fiasco has left a massive crater in our understanding of modernity and modernization.

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What ever happened to (Australian) urbanism?

What Ever Happened to Urbanism? Rem Koolhaas This century has been a losing battle with the issue of quantity. In spite of its early promise, its frequent bravery, urbanism has been unable to invent and implement at the scale demanded by its apocalyptic demographics. In 20 years, Lagos has grown from 2 to 7 to 12 to 15 million; Istanbul has doubled from 6 to China prepares for even more staggering multiplications. How to explain the paradox that urbanism, as a profession, has disappeared at the moment when urbanization everywhere — after decades of constant acceleration — is on its way to establishing a definitive, global "triumph" of the urban condition? Its ideas, aesthetics, strategies are finished.

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Shakagal Saturday, 14 November What ever happened to Urbanism? By failure, Koolhaas means the constant mismatch between urbanist propositions and the city. This is great news for creativity, but Koolhaas and Kwinter correctly suggest a soft approach to managing this — because some management of this is necessary. The ideal model of urbanism is the functional city, described to control and develop the new city. It exploits and exhausts the potentials that can be generated finally only by urbanism whateber that only the specific imagination or urbanism can invent and renew. Excessive control over urbanism definitely impacts on originality.

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