Prezi Jacob Kounin is known as a classroom management theorist. Around , he began working as an educational psychologist at Wayne State University. Many people believe that Kounin was highly influenced by Glasser, and it can be seen throughout his work. He made people think about the possibility of discipline and instruction being utilized as one.
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The overall structure of this theory is centered around the ideal of preventive discipline. This is similar to that of taking one taking their vitamins before they have a chance to get sick.
There are six guiding strategies used when practicing the Kounin Model. No matter the content area of any teacher their will always be unruly students. Such as. Otherwise known as having "eyes in the back of your head. This strategy is useless if an instructor constantly blames the wrong students for disruptions they are not the cause of. At the same time this technique is best utilized on a personal level with the targeted student rather than stopping the class to administer the proper behavior adjustments.
For example in my classroom if there was a student who took out their phone during class and was not following instruction. The first thing to remember would be to NOT draw unneeded attention to the situation.
If I were to stop teaching just to deal with this minor distraction it would only succeed in taking the rest of the class off-topic. The proper way to handle this is to keep on with the class. At one point, I can find a break in which they are transitioning to a different task. Then soon after, casually walk up to the student and speak in a tone only audible to the given student. Then I can calmly ask the student for the phone or give them the opportunity to put it away and get back on task.
In the end, to the student it will appear that I did not notice their misbehavior and by catching the student off guard it creates the overall sense of withitness. To be a successful teacher one must be able to handle multiple problems simultaneously. The key is to handle the most prevalent disturbances first. Following the previous examples if they were to occur at the same time during class I would handle the students mishandling lab equipment first.
Then I would calmly correct the third student using their phone. There are many types of transitions. They can either be physical or mental. A physical transition involves the students performing some kind of physical movement or action.
A mental transition involves the students being prepared mentally to move on to a different task. Use of such transitions not only help to engage student learning but aids to successfully move from one point of focus to the next. There are two techniques used. They are Alerting and Accountability. Using the Alerting technique the teacher constantly keeps the students attention in checks through varying questions, demonstrations, and calling upon students.
While the Accountability technique aids learning by assigning each student of the group a role in which they have varied tasks in which they are responsible for. Each technique is of great benefit, like all good techniques they must be used in moderation and in the appropriate context. For example, if the students were performing an animal dissection lab the alerting technique would be most appropriate because all students are working on a task under the direct instruction of the teacher.
The accountability technique is most useful during times of student-centered learning like that of a research project in which each student is responsible for his or her own unique part in completing the assignment. If students are not actively engaged or feel that the work is too easy this can be a disruption to the overall environment for the class.
This can be avoided simply by being an enthusiastic teacher, offering varying challenges within the lesson, and using various styles of teaching in order to keep students attention. In other words we must learn to be the fun and engaging teachers that inspired us to teach. Using their influence and our unique teaching styles one can easily see the possibility of having a fun and unique teaching experience for our students.
Kounin vs. Jones: Dissecting the Battle Between Two Popular Approaches to Classroom Management
The overall structure of this theory is centered around the ideal of preventive discipline. This is similar to that of taking one taking their vitamins before they have a chance to get sick. There are six guiding strategies used when practicing the Kounin Model. No matter the content area of any teacher their will always be unruly students.
JACOB KOUNIN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT THEORY PDF
The teacher can maintain this strategy by making eye contact to all students at all times. The teacher should know each student on a personal basis i. The teacher can use other non-verbal techniques to show students that they are alert and care about the well-being of all students. The teacher may also want to make a respectable suggestion to inform the student that their behavior is unacceptable. The teacher should have communicated to all students the expectations and can have these displayed so everyone can be "with-it".