What is planning? Planning is the process of developing the project plan. The plan outlines how the project is to be directed to achieve the assigned goals. It specifies a redetermined and committed future course of action, based on discussions and decisions made on the current knowledge and estimation of future trends. What is construction planning The construction planning process is stimulated through a study of project documents. The planning process takes in to account, the strengths and weakness of the organizations.
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What is planning? Planning is the process of developing the project plan. The plan outlines how the project is to be directed to achieve the assigned goals. It specifies a redetermined and committed future course of action, based on discussions and decisions made on the current knowledge and estimation of future trends. What is construction planning The construction planning process is stimulated through a study of project documents.
The planning process takes in to account, the strengths and weakness of the organizations. What are the objectives of planning? Proper design of each element of the project Proper selection of equipment and machinery in big projects, the use of large capacity plants are found economical Procurement of materials well in advance Proper arrangement of repair of equipment and machinery. Employment of trained and experienced staff on the project To provide incentive for good workers To arrange constant flow of funds for the completion of project To provide proper safety measures and ventilation, proper arrangement of light and water.
What are the types of project plans? Planning the entire project from its inception to completion requires a vast coverage, varied skills and different types of plans.
What is the object of scheduling?. Scheduling means putting the plan on calendar basis. A project network shows the sequence and inters dependencies of activities, their time and their earliest and latest completion time, but these needs to be scheduled to determine commencement and termination dates of each activity. Using optimum resources or working within resource constraints, it is a time table of work.
A basic distinction exists between resource oriented scheduling techniques. The project is divided into number of operations. List out the advantages of scheduling. By studying of any work and the many alternative methods of execution, we can choose the best one. It gives a clear idea regarding the required men, materials and equipments at different stages of work. Resource utilization is optimized. Actual progress of the work is monitored with the actual plan. If there is any delay, proper remedial measures can be taken to avoid such delays.
What is the purpose of work scheduling? The bar — chart type work schedule provides a simplified version of the work plan, which can easily be understood by all concerned with planning, co — ordination, execution and control of the project.
What are the steps involved in schedule chart? What are the factors affecting work scheduling? The idle labour time is paid for and the strikes and breakdown of work are kept in view by manpower. The schedule aids in forecasting of materials and their timely supply determines the economics and progress work. What is the purpose of numbering events? It simplifies the identification and description of a n activity in terms of event numbers.
The activities are coded as i- j where i and j are the event numbers as commencement and termination of an activity. It helps in developing identification code for computer application. It systematizes the computations of critical path for each activity as far as possible, the number of the proceeding event it should be less than that of the succeeding event.
Critical path: The longest path through the network is called critical path and its length determines the minimum durations in which the project can be completed.
It is parabolistic model i. It uses three estimates of the activity time, optimistic time and pessimistic time and, most likely time. Dummy activity: It is superimposed activity, which does not represent any specific operation or process. It has zero duration and consumes no resources, its purpose is twofold. The dummy activity is drawn like any other activity, but with dotted lines.
What is the significance of critical path? The sum of the durations of critical activities along the critical path determines the duration of the project. It is the most sensitive path, any change in duration critical activities along the critical path is bound to effect the duration of the entire project. Define the following terms. EST Earliest Start Time : This is the earliest time an activity can be started, assuming that all the activities prior to it have taken place as early as possible.
LST Latest Start Time : This is the latest time an activity can start consistent, with the completion of the project in the stipulated time. LFT Latest Finish Time : It is the latest time by which an activity must be completed to ensure the completion of project within the stipulated time. What are the classifications of networks? Skeleton network.
Construction Planning And Scheduling CE2353 MJ2014 Question Paper
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CE2353 - Construction Planning and Scheduling - 02 marks and 16 marks with answers