Quotes[ edit ] As long as hierarchy persists, as long as domination organises humanity around a system of elites, the project of dominating nature will continue to exist and inevitably lead our planet to ecological extinction. The ecological principle of unity in diversity grades into a richly mediated social principle; hence my use of the term social ecology. An anarchist society, far from being a remote ideal, has become a precondition for the practice of ecological principles. Ecology and Revolutionary Thought
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He grew up in the Bronx , where his grandmother, Zeitel, a Socialist Revolutionary, imbued him with Russian populist ideas. After her death in , he joined the Young Pioneers , the Communist youth organization for children 9 to 14  and the Young Communist League for older children in In the early s he worked in a foundry in Bayonne, New Jersey where he was an organizer and shop steward for the United Electrical Workers as well as a recruiter for the SWP.
In , while speaking to a Zionist youth organization at City College , Bookchin met a mathematics student, Beatrice Appelstein, whom he married in They had two children, Debbie and Joseph. Contemporary Issues embraced utopianism. The periodical provided a forum for the belief that previous attempts to create utopia had foundered on the necessity of toil and drudgery; but now modern technology had obviated the need for human toil, a liberatory development. To achieve this "post-scarcity" society, Bookchin developed a theory of ecological decentralism.
In , Bookchin defined himself as an anarchist ,  seeing parallels between anarchism and ecology. His groundbreaking essay "Ecology and Revolutionary Thought" introduced ecology as a concept in radical politics. Lecturing throughout the United States, he helped popularize the concept of ecology to the counterculture. His widely republished essay "Listen, Marxist! In , he taught at Alternate U, a counter-cultural radical school based on 14th Street in Manhattan.
In , he moved to Burlington, Vermont, with a group of friends, to put into practice his ideas of decentralization. In the fall of , he was hired by Goddard College to lecture on technology; his lectures led to a teaching position and to the creation of the Social Ecology Studies program in and the Institute for Social Ecology soon thereafter, of which he became the director.
In , he was hired by Ramapo College in Mahwah, New Jersey , where he quickly became a full professor. The ISE was a hub for experimentation and study of appropriate technology in the s.
Also in , he published The Spanish Anarchists , a history of the Spanish anarchist movement up to the revolution of During this period, Bookchin forged some ties with the nascent libertarian movement. A few years later, The Politics of Social Ecology, written by his partner of 19 years, Janet Biehl , briefly summarized these ideas.
Green liberals", based around the principles of social ecology and libertarian municipalism. Arthur Verslius said, "Bookchin Thereafter Bookchin concluded that American anarchism was essentially individualistic and broke with anarchism publicly in In addition to his political writings, Bookchin wrote extensively on philosophy, calling his ideas dialectical naturalism. He continued to teach at the ISE until Bookchin died of congestive heart failure on July 30, , at his home in Burlington at the age of In The Ecology of Freedom: The Emergence and Dissolution of Hierarchy, he says that: My use of the word hierarchy in the subtitle of this work is meant to be provocative.
There is a strong theoretical need to contrast hierarchy with the more widespread use of the words class and State; careless use of these terms can produce a dangerous simplification of social reality. To use the words hierarchy, class, and State interchangeably, as many social theorists do, is insidious and obscurantist. This practice, in the name of a "classless" or "libertarian" society, could easily conceal the existence of hierarchical relationships and a hierarchical sensibility, both of which-even in the absence of economic exploitation or political coercion-would serve to perpetuate unfreedom.
Heinous as my view may be to modern Freudians , it is not the discipline of work but the discipline of rule that demands the repression of internal nature. This repression then extends outward to external nature as a mere object of rule and later of exploitation.
This mentality permeates our individual psyches in a cumulative form up to the present day-not merely as capitalism but as the vast history of hierarchical society from its inception.
Rather, Bookchin felt that our environmental predicament is the result of the cancerous logic of capitalism, a system aimed at maximizing profit instead of enriching human lives: "By the very logic of its grow-or-die imperative, capitalism may well be producing ecological crises that gravely imperil the integrity of life on this planet.
Bookchin likewise opposed "a politics of mere protest, lacking programmatic content, a proposed alternative, and a movement to give people direction and continuity. Humanity, by this line of thought, is the latest development from the long history of organic development on Earth.
Bookchin then began to pursue the connection between ecological and social issues, culminating with his best-known book, The Ecology of Freedom, which he had developed over a decade. Life develops from self-organization and evolutionary cooperation symbiosis. In "The Next Revolution", Bookchin stresses the link that libertarian municipalism has with his earlier philosophy of social ecology. He writes: "Libertarian Municipalism constitutes the politics of social ecology, a revolutionary effort in which freedom is given institutional form in public assemblies that become decision-making bodies.
In a interview he summarized his views this way: "The overriding problem is to change the structure of society so that people gain power. The best arena to do that is the municipality—the city, town, and village—where we have an opportunity to create a face-to-face democracy.
Legacy and influence Edit Though Bookchin, by his own recognition, failed to win over a substantial body of supporters during his own lifetime, his ideas have nonetheless influenced movements and thinkers across the globe. Bookchin was too ill to accept the request. In May Bookchin conveyed this message "My hope is that the Kurdish people will one day be able to establish a free, rational society that will allow their brilliance once again to flourish.
They are fortunate indeed to have a leader of Mr. When Bookchin died in , the PKK hailed the American thinker as "one of the greatest social scientists of the 20th century", and vowed to put his theory into practice. The PKK claims that this project is not envisioned as being only for Kurds, but rather for all peoples of the region, regardless of their ethnic, national, or religious background. Rather, it promulgates the formation of assemblies and organisations beginning at the grassroots level to enact its ideals in a non-state framework beginning at the local level.
Post-Scarcity Anarchism Quotes
Start your review of Post-Scarcity Anarchism Write a review Jul 29, Rob rated it liked it I originally read this book in my younger days and thought it was a terrific book. Unfortunately for Bookchin, his own view seems to be rooted in the circumstances of the late s, which are no more applicable to the 21st century than were those of the mid 19th century of Marx. While I agree with Bookchin on some of the forms that a reconstituted society may take, his analysis on how we get there is lacking. But as should be apparent to modern readers, the protests withered away. DeGaulle came out stronger than ever. And the entire s ultimately failed to alter the workings of the consumerist society in any substantial way.
The anarchist was regarded as a forlorn visionary, a social outcast, filled with nostalgia for the peasant village or the medieval commune. His yearnings for a decentralized society and for a humanistic community at one with nature and the needs of the individual—the spontaneous individual, unfettered by authority—were viewed as the reactions of a romantic, of a declassed craftsman or an intellectual "misfit. In response to this protest, opponents of anarchist thought—liberals, rightists and authoritarian "leftists"—argued that they were the voices of historic reality, that their statist and centralist notions were rooted in the objective, practical world. Time is not very kind to the conflict of ideas. Whatever may have been the validity of libertarian and non-libertarian views a few years ago, historical development has rendered virtually all objections to anarchist thought meaningless today. The modern city and state, the massive coal-steel technology of the Industrial Revolution, the later, more rationalized, systems of mass production and assembly-line systems of labor organization, the centralized nation, the state and its bureaucratic apparatus—all have reached their limits. Whatever progressive or liberatory role they may have possessed, they have now become entirely regressive and oppressive.
Post-Scarcity Anarchism - Murray Bookchin
He grew up in the Bronx , where his grandmother, Zeitel, a Socialist Revolutionary, imbued him with Russian populist ideas. After her death in , he joined the Young Pioneers , the Communist youth organization for children 9 to 14  and the Young Communist League for older children in In the early s he worked in a foundry in Bayonne, New Jersey where he was an organizer and shop steward for the United Electrical Workers as well as a recruiter for the SWP. In , while speaking to a Zionist youth organization at City College , Bookchin met a mathematics student, Beatrice Appelstein, whom he married in They had two children, Debbie and Joseph. Contemporary Issues embraced utopianism.