Who we are Overview Arichuvadi Charitable and Educational Trust was founded in the year and has successfully established a firm foot in extending charity and educational services to aspiring students who possess all skills and talent to be successful in life but cannot afford it. Our goal over the years has been to focus on schools in one rural village and then slowly expand our services district, state and nation-wide. Arichuvadi Educational and Charitable trust aims to promote and assist the under privileged children in India, irrespective of caste, creed, community and religion. It extends its service towards satisfying the basic facilities and demands for the students of government schools in the rural areas in addition to financial support for students in pursuing under-graduate or graduate degree. The activities of the Trust would be purely charitable in nature and not for profit. Spreading smiles is an everlasting pleasure.
|Published (Last):||9 December 2004|
|PDF File Size:||5.93 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.14 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The script is syllabic , not alphabetic. The combinant letters are formed by adding a vowel marker to the consonant. Some vowels require the basic shape of the consonant to be altered in a way that is specific to that vowel. Others are written by adding a vowel-specific suffix to the consonant, yet others a prefix, and still other vowels require adding both a prefix and a suffix to the consonant.
In every case, the vowel marker is different from the standalone character for the vowel. The Tamil script is written from left to right. History[ edit ] Historical evolution of Tamil writing from the earlier Tamil Brahmi near the top to the current Tamil script at bottom.
See also: Tamil-Brahmi , Vatteluttu alphabet , Grantha script , Pallava script , Kolezhuthu , and Arwi The Tamil script, like the other Brahmic scripts , is thought to have evolved from the original Brahmi script. The script used by such inscriptions is commonly known as the Tamil-Brahmi , or "Tamili script", and differs in many ways from standard Ashokan Brahmi.
For example, early Tamil-Brahmi, unlike Ashokan Brahmi, had a system to distinguish between pure consonants m, in this example and consonants with an inherent vowel ma, in this example. In addition, according to Iravatham Mahadevan , early Tamil Brahmi used slightly different vowel markers, had extra characters to represent letters not found in Sanskrit , and omitted letters for sounds not present in Tamil such as voiced consonants and aspirates.
Pallava kingdoms which lay in the north portion of the Tamil-speaking region. Over the next few centuries, the Chola-Pallava script evolved into the modern Tamil script. The Grantha and its parent script influenced the Tamil script notably. The use of palm leaves as the primary medium for writing led to changes in the script. The scribe had to be careful not to pierce the leaves with the stylus while writing because a leaf with a hole was more likely to tear and decay faster.
The forms of some of the letters were simplified in the 19th century to make the script easier to typeset. In the 20th century, the script was simplified even further in a series of reforms, which regularised the vowel markers used with consonants by eliminating special markers and most irregular forms.
Relationship with other Indic scripts[ edit ] The Tamil script differs from other Brahmi-derived scripts in a number of ways. Unlike every other Brahmic script, it does not regularly represent voiced or aspirated stop consonants as these are not phonemes of the Tamil language even though voiced and fricative allophones of stops do appear in spoken Tamil. A separate set of characters appears for these sounds when the Tamil script is used to write Sanskrit or other languages.
Also unlike other Brahmi scripts, the Tamil script rarely uses typographic ligatures to represent conjunct consonants, which are far less frequent in Tamil than in other Indian languages. ISO is an international standard for the transliteration of Tamil and other Indic scripts into Latin characters.
It uses diacritics to map the much larger set of Brahmic consonants and vowels to the Latin script. Right: A book in Tamil printed in Basic consonants[ edit ] Consonants are called the "body" mei letters.
The consonants are classified into three categories: vallinam hard consonants , mellinam soft consonants, including all nasals , and itayinam medium consonants. There are some lexical rules for the formation of words. Historically, one n was pronounced as an alveolar consonant , as is still true in Malayalam. The order of the alphabet strictly abugida in Tamil closely matches that of the nearby languages both in location and linguistics, reflecting the common origin of their scripts from Brahmi.
தமிழ் பழமொழிகள் (Tamil Proverbs)
Tamil Arichuvadi Alphabets