MULLAPERIYAR DAM PDF

Tamil Nadu has insisted on exercising its unfettered rights to control the dam and its waters, based on the lease agreement. However safety concerns posed by the year old dam to the safety of the people of Kerala in the event of a dam collapse, have been the focus of disputes from onward. Tamil Nadu has insisted on raising the water level in the dam to feet, pointing out crop failures. In the process the farmers of the erstwhile rain shadow areas in Tamil Nadu who had started a thrice yearly cropping pattern had to go back to the bi-annual cropping. During the year —80 the gross area cultivated in Periyar command area was , acres Tamil Nadu challenged it on various grounds.

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Tamil Nadu has insisted on exercising its unfettered rights to control the dam and its waters, based on the lease agreement. However safety concerns posed by the year old dam to the safety of the people of Kerala in the event of a dam collapse, have been the focus of disputes from onward. Tamil Nadu has insisted on raising the water level in the dam to feet, pointing out crop failures.

In the process the farmers of the erstwhile rain shadow areas in Tamil Nadu who had started a thrice yearly cropping pattern had to go back to the bi-annual cropping. During the year —80 the gross area cultivated in Periyar command area was , acres Tamil Nadu challenged it on various grounds. The Supreme Court issued notice to Kerala to respond, however did not stay the operation of the Act even as an interim measure. The Court then advised the States to settle the matter amicably, and adjourned hearing in order to enable them to do so.

The Supreme Court of India termed the act as not unconstitutional. Their main cause of objection is the dams safety as it is as old as years. Increasing the level would add more pressure to be handled by already leaking dam. In Frontline one author stated thus: "For every argument raised by Tamil Nadu in support of its claims, there is counter-argument in Kerala that appears equally plausible.

A solution perhaps lies in acknowledging the two truths, but neither government can afford the political repercussions of such a confession". The five-member committee will be headed by former Chief Justice of India A. Karunanidhi said that immediately after the Supreme Court announced its decision to set up a committee, he had written to Congress president asking the Centre to mediate between Kerala and Tamil Nadu on Mullaperiyar issue.

Jayalalithaa objected to the TN Government move. She said that this would give advantage to Kerala in the issue. Premachandran told the state Assembly that the State should have the right of construction, ownership, operation and maintenance of the new dam, while giving water to Tamil Nadu on the basis of a clear cut agreement. Thomas will represent Kerala on the expert panel constituted by Supreme Court. The Supreme Court also criticized the Union Government on its reluctance in funding the empowered committee.

Section 62A of the Act provides for listing in the schedule, "details of the dams which are endangered on account of their age, degeneration, degradation, structural or other impediments as are specified". The Act empowers Kerala Dam Safety Authority Authority specified in the Act to oversee safety of dams in the State and sec 62 e empowers the Authority to direct the custodian of a dam "to suspend the functioning of any dam, to decommission any dam or restrict the functioning of any dam if public safety or threat to human life or property, so require".

The Authority can conduct periodical inspection of any dam listed in the schedules. Consequently, the survey was started in October, Kerala Govt.

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Mullaperiyar Dam

During a recent scanning of the Mullaperiyar dam using a remotely operated vehicle by the Central Soil and Materials Research Station on directions from the Empowered Committee of the Supreme Court, the Kerala Government observer opined that "mistakes in the strengthening works carried out by Tamil Nadu" in damaged the masonry of the dam. Since the dam was constructed using stone rubble masonry with lime mortar grouting following prevailing 19th-century construction techniques that have now become archaic, seepage and leaks from the dam have caused concern. These could be reservoir-induced seismicity, requiring further studies according to experts. Anand Committee The Empowered Committee [ edit ] On 18 February , the Supreme Court decided to constitute a five-member empowered committee to study all the issues of Mullaperiyar Dam and seek a report from it within six months. The five-member committee will be headed by former Chief Justice of India A.

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